Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Andhra Pradesh State Formation Day

Linguistic-based states in India developed in the years after independence. In 1956, under the States Reorganization Act, states were reorganized on a linguistic basis.

States of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Punjab, and Rajasthan, celebrate their formation Day on November 1st. Union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands also celebrate the formation day on this day.

Andhra Pradesh Map
In 1947 Andhra was still under the Madras province. Swami Sitaram and Potti Sriramulu went on fast unto death for separate Andhra state. Finally on October 1st 1953 Andhra was separated from Madras Province. In 1956 under the States Reorganization Act Andhra was renamed Andhra Pradesh with the addition of the Telangana region of  the then Hyderabad State based on linguistics. Today, the state is in crossroads facing regional-developmental imbalances and fighting for separate state. United we stand divided we fall. Wouldn’t it be nice to have a peaceful state which helps develop the state’s socioeconomic fields?

Well, now on to other states who also celebrate their state-hood day today. Collected from Wikipedia.

  • Chhattisgarh, south-eastern districts of Madhya Pradesh, gained separate statehood in 2000 on linguistic basis.
  • On 1 November 1966, the Hindi-speaking southern half of Punjab became a separate state, Haryana.
  • Mysore state was formed on November 1, 1956 and later was renamed Karnataka in 1973. Karnataka celebrates as Kannada Rajyotsava Day. After Indian independence, the Wodeyar Maharaja acceded to India. As per the States Reorganization Act parts of Coorg, Madras, Hyderabad, and Bombay states were incorporated into the state of Mysore.  
  • On July 1, 1949 Travancore and kingdom of Cochin merged to form Travancore-Cochin state and on Republic Day was recognized as a state. On 1 November 1956, the state of Kerala was formed by the States Reorganization Act merging the Malabar district, Travancore-Cochin, and part of South Kanara District.
  • The partition of India in 1947 divided the Raj province into East Punjab and West Punjab. West Punjab was given to Pakistan and East Punjab joined the Union of India. In 1966, after protests of various organizations on linguistic basis, Punjab was bifurcated into Punjab and Haryana.
  • Rajputana, the name of the princely states in the pre independence era, was renamed Rajasthan on November 1, 1956. Ajmer-Merwara state was also added to Rajasthan.
  • Soon after the Indian Independence, British occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands were intended to be formed an independent nation. Later, it never materialized, was joined to the union of India as Union territory. 


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